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Clean AND disinfect frequently touched surfaces daily. This includes tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, phones, keyboards, toilets, faucets, and sinks. 

If surfaces are dirty, clean them: Use detergent or soap and water prior to disinfection.




What's the Actual History of Halloween

—and Why Do We Celebrate It on October 31?




The history of Halloween goes all the way back to a pagan festival called Samhain.  
The word "Halloween" comes from"All Hallows' Eve" and means "hallowed evening."
Hundreds of years ago, people dressed up as saints and went door to door, which is the origin of Halloween costumes and trick-or-treating.


It's here, it's here! (No, not pumpkin spice latte season—though we're glad about that as well.) Halloween has officially crept up on us, and there’s so much to look forward to, from brainstorming our costumes to carving jack-o'-lanterns with the kids and, of course, eating unfathomable amounts of treats, candy, and chocolate. No matter how old you are or how many times you've been around the block, the holiday simply never gets old. The littlest ones get a chance to dress up and go trick-or-treating, and parents have an excuse to sip on a boo-zy Halloween cocktail. But in the midst of the parties and games and sugar rushes, have you ever stopped to wonder what the history of Halloween even is in the first place? Here, we're sharing Halloween's origin (and Halloween's meaning too) in the hopes that it'll make your celebrations even more, er...meaningful. After all, this old-fashioned holiday actually dates back many, many years. It's a lot older than you might think! And as for the witches and wizards that you've come to associate with it? Yeah, they're part of the story too! Here's the true tale of how Halloween officially came to be.
You already know that Halloween takes place on the last day of October, but here's something you might not know: The word itself literally means "hallowed evening," and was previously known to early European celebrators as All Hallows' Eve. All Hallows' Eve (October 31) and All Saints' Day (November 1) both paid homage to saints ("hallows" = saints). The name was eventually shortened to "Halloween," which we know and love to this day.



The pagan and Christian occasions hadn't always been back to back, though. Up until the 7th century CE, All Hallow's Eve fell actually on May 13. Perhaps in an attempt to offset the occasion with a religious celebration, Pope Boniface IV ultimately made the call to change the observance to its current November 1 date.


Why Do We Celebrate Halloween on October 31?





Halloween falls on October 31 because the ancient Gaelic festival of Samhain, considered the earliest known root of Halloween, occurred on this day. It marked a pivotal time of year when seasons changed, but (more importantly) observers also believed the boundary between this world and the next became especially thin at this time, enabling them to connect with the dead. This belief is shared by some other cultures; a similar idea is mentioned around the Jewish holiday of Yom Kippur, which also typically occurs in October and involves saying prayers for the dead. This is also where Halloween gains its "haunted" connotations.





Abid Ali, Fakhar Zaman, Haris Sohail star as Pakistan seal series











Pakistan 299 for 5 (Fakhar 76, Abid 74, Haris 56, Pradeep 2-53) beat Sri Lanka 297 for 9 (Gunathilaka 133, Shanaka 43, Amir 3-50) by five wickets A rapid half-century to Abid Ali, a measured one to Fakhar Zaman, and a finishing fifty for Haris Sohail, sent Pakistan to their target of 298, with five wickets in hand, and 10 balls remaining. The result handed Pakistan a 2-0 series victory in Karachi. The opening stand between Abid and Fakhar, worth 123 off 117 deliveries, had set up the chase, before a further 58-run partnership between Fakhar and Babar Azam consolidated it. At no stage did Pakistan appear at serious risk of not achieving their target. Sri Lanka's bowling was doughty, but not penetrative enough to prevent a defeat, even struggling batsmen such as Sarfraz Ahmed making contributions to the Pakistan innings. The hosts needed a little over a run a ball through much of the final 15 overs, but they had so many wickets in hand, ensuring the match was always in their control. Sri Lanka had batted serenely for much of their own innings however, their 297 for 9 set up by a handsome 133 off 134 deliveries by opener Danushka Gunathilaka, before Dasun Shanaka produced a fast finish with 43 off 24 balls. Lahiru Thirimanne and debutant Minod Bhanuka had contributed 30s as well, but the bowlers did not have the firepower to defend what was a competitive total. Nuwan Pradeep took 2 for 53 in his 9.2 overs, but the other frontline fast bowler - Lahiru Kumara - went at 7.85 an over, while left-arm wristspinner Lakshan Sandakan had an economy rate of 6.2. With Lasith Malinga now retired from ODIs, and Akila Dananjaya banned for a year over his action, Sri Lanka's struggles on the bowling front have become especially worrying. Sri Lanka had had hope of pulling off a series-levelling win after their innings, but although the first over of Pakistan's reply was a maiden, and the second brought only two runs, once Abid Ali got going - with successive boundaries off Nuwan Pradeep in the third over - his rate of advance did not relent until he was well past fifty, and his team were a third of the way to their target. He was outstanding through the leg side in particular, with eight of his ten fours, and 52 of his eventual 74 runs scored in that half of the field. In one sequence, between the seventh and tenth overs, he hit six fours in the space of 12 deliveries faced. While Abid was crashing Pakistan to a flying start, Fakhar was feeling his way to a second half-century in as many matches. He targetted the off side more, hitting 42 runs there, out of his eventual 76 off 91 balls. Abid had produced the impetus for the chase, but Fakhar helped provide some substance. He was out ramping Pradeep straight into the hands of third man, two overs after the same bowler had trapped Babar lbw for 31. Despite the doubtle-strike, Pakistan did not stutter, thanks largely to Haris, who made 56 off 50 balls, batting nicely in partnership with Sarfraz, and then Iftikhar Ahmed. Haris lost concentration and was bowled by Shehan Jayasuriya with 11 runs still to get off 14 deliveries, but this equation proved no challenge for Iftikhar, who hit a six an a four off successive wayward Pradeep deliveries in the 49th over. Danushka Gunathilaka raises his bat after getting to hundred Getty Images The best individual innings of the game, however, had come from Gunathilaka, who struck elegant boundaries against the new ball to move to 28 off 27 balls at the end of the first Powerplay, then collected singles and twos effortlessly once the field spread. His 88-run second-wicket partnership with Lahiru Thirimanne, who made 36, was the best of the innings. But Gunathilaka also forged fifty-run stands with Angelo Perera and debutant wicketkeeper-batsman Bhanuka.










Only Bhanuka, who hit 36 off 39 balls before being run out, contributed more to one of those stands than the Gunathilaka did. This was the second century of Gunathilaka's ODI career, reached off the 100th delivery he faced. But did not lose concentration after reaching the milestone, despite obviously having tired in the Karachi heat. It was not until the 45th over in which he'd be dismissed, making room and missing a Mohammad Amir yorker. He had hit sixteen fours and a majestic six over long-on off Wahab Riaz through the course of his 134-ball stay. Shanaka, who hit five fours and two sixes was Sri Lanka's next-highest scorer.


Film star Meera parties in Dubai with Jacqueline Fernandez


Film star Meera who is in Dubai nowadays, was spotted partying with Bollywood actor Jacqueline Fernandez. The duo were spotted dancing at a fashion show after party after Fernandez walked the ramp.







In a video that has now gone viral on the internet, Meera could be seen dressed in white as she dances along with Fernandez and CEO of Splash Fashion Raza Beig.


Fernadez has also been posting pictures from her collaboration with Splash and her time in Dubai. During this stay, the actor also had the opportunity to meet her make-up artist Huda Kattan and fashion designer Victoria Beckham.


Sarfaraz Ahmed removed as captain in Test, T20 formats due to 'drop in overall form'







The Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) has removed Sarfaraz Ahmed as skipper in the Test and Twenty20 formats due to "drop in overall form", a press release issued by the cricketing body said on Friday.
Batsman Azhar Ali will replace the wicket-keeper to captain the team in the upcoming Tests against Australia as well as the World Test Championship in the 2019-20 season.
Similarly, batsman Babar Azam will lead Pakistan in T20 matches against Australia and until the 2020 T20 World Cup, which is a year away.
Ahmed has also been "left out of both formats", the statement added, citing the wicketkeeper's poor form "which has also affected his confidence". There has been no announcement regarding changes in the squad for one-day internationals.
The decision comes weeks after Pakistan — the top-ranked T20 team — was whitewashed by an inexperienced Sri Lanka side in Lahore.
Reports regarding Ahmed's removal from the position of skipper have been circulating since Pakistan's dismal performance in the Cricket World Cup earlier this year.